Surġent Salvu Sammut Carmela Sammut Kan. Dun Piet Sammur
The Confraternity of the Knights of St. Peter & St. Paul is now approved by: The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne, Australia The Roman Catholic Diocese of Gozo, Malta The Roman Catholic Diocese of Karonga, Malawi The Roman Catholic Diocese of Chikwawa, Malawi The Roman Catholic Paróquia de Paranhos Diocese of Porto, Portugal The Orthodox Diocese in Union with Rome, Puerto Rico
NEWS FROM MALTA Elderly farmer dies in mechanical plough accident The 69-year-old man from Mġarr was certified dead shortly after arriving at Mater Dei
23 March 2023, by Marianna Calleja Photo: Malta Police Force
“Malta dejjem f’qalbi” – soru Għawdxija tistenna lill-President Vella fil-Latvja Minn Gaetano Micallef 23 ta' Marzu 2023 Read in English Soru Għawdxija li ilha 23 sena missjoni fil-Latvja mhux bis ferħet meta saret taf li l-President Malti George Vella kien se jżur il-pajjiż imma daħlet fil-programm uffiċjali biex tara fejn se jkun. Swor Rita Refalo ġejja mix-Xagħra, Għawdex, u tagħmel parti mill-moviment reliġjuż Ordnata Apostoliche li huwa bbażat l-Italja. Kien meta l-President Vella mar iqiegħed kuruna tal-fjuri fuq il-monument tal-ħelsien tal-Latvja li Swor Refalo, bil-bandiera Maltija f’idha, intlemħet fost il-ġemgħa ta’ nies li kienu qed isegwu ċ-ċerimonja. Wara t-tqegħid tal-kuruna l-President Vella nnota lis-soru xxejjer il-bandiera Maltija u mar ikellimha għal ftit tal-ħin qabel kompla biż-żjarat ippjanati mill-President tal-Latvja Egils Levits. Bi tbissima fuq fommu, il-President Malti qal lil dak Latvjan kif minkejja li Malta pajjiż żgħir, “il-Maltin issibhom kullimkien”. TVMnews tkellem ma’ Swor Refalo li rrakkuntat kif meta kienet għaddejja mit-triq rat il-bandiera Maltija u mill-ewwel ħasbet li kien ġej il-President. Hija daħlet fil-programm ta’ attivitajiet tal-President Latvjan u meta rat li l-President Vella kien se jqiegħed kuruna tal-fjuri mal-monument tal-ħelsien iddeċidiet li żżuru. Swor Refalo kompliet li ilha tgħix il-Latvja mill-2000 wara li l-ġeneral tal-ordni li tifforma parti minnu bagħtitha hemm wara li qassis mil-Latvja li kien fil-Belġju, fejn kien hemm komunità ta’ din is-sorijiet, qal li għandhom bżonn nies reliġjużi biex jgħinu fil-formazzjoni tan-nies.
Hija tgħid li minn dejjem ħassitha milqugħa mil-Latvjani fejn tiddeskrivihom nies ferħanin li minħabba l-passat tagħhom taħt l-Unjoni Sovjetika jifhmu aktar minn ħaddieħor dak li qed jiġri fl-Ukrajna. Ma naqsitx milli tirreferi għall-kesħa fejn qalet li għall-ewwel sabitha ftit diffiċli imma żiedet li fil-Latvja tara l-istaġuni kollha u għaliha xi ħaġa sabiħa. Minkejja li llum tagħmel parti mill-poplu Latvjan, Swor Refalo tgħid li Malta dejjem tibqa’ f’qalbha u kien għalhekk li meta saret taf li ġej il-President ħasset li kellha tipprova tiltaqa’ miegħu għax, fi kliemha, “dak il-President tal-gżira fejn twelidt”.
Prime Minister Robert Abela with Parliamentary Secretary Rosianne Cutajar at Auberge de Castille
Prime Minister Robert Abela has slammed the “malicious and misogynistic” manner in which Whatsapp conversations between MP Rosianne Cutajar and alleged Daphne Caruana Galizia murder mastermind Yorgen Fenech were leaked. “I am surprised how the Nationalist leader and the European Parliament President had no issue in associating themselves with the mysogynistic and malicious way that the chats were leaked,” Abela told journalists outside parliament on Wednesday afternoon. In a sensational blog post yesterday, author Mark Camilleri published Cutajar’s unredacted intimate chats with Fenech. The chats were made public ust 24 hours before he faced Cutajar in court in a libel case the MP had filed against him. The chats suggest a very intimate relationship between Fenech and Cutajar as they flirt with each other. Most of the information contained in the chats was already flagged in past reports dealing with Cutajar's conflict of interest as a result of her secretive intimate relationship with Fenech. Asked whether he felt Cutajar should stepdown as MP, the Prime Minister said she already paid the “highest political price” when she resigned as parliamentary secretary for reforms two years ago. “I don’t believe she should be made to pay a second time,” Abela said. The Prime Minister said Camilleri kept the chats for a long time, and published them “deliberately at a specific time in Rosianne Cuatajar’s life” to cause the worst possible damage. “He did so despite a court order banning the publication of such messages,” he said. Abela skirted around questions on whether he spoke to Cutajar following Tuesday’s leak, insisting the MP has already paid the highest political price. www.maltatoday.com.mt/news/national/121953/abela_slams_malicious_and_misogynistic_leak_of_cutajar_whatsapp_chats_#.ZBtzwXZBy3A
Appeal on Joseph Portelli’s Balzan mega-development to be heard Thursday Wednesday, 22 March 2023, An appeal for the mega-development headed by Gozitan developer Joseph Portelli will be heard by the Environment and Planning Tribunal on Thursday. The Planning Authority (PA) approved an application made by one of Portelli’s companies, CF Developers, last September which would replace the abandoned Dolphin Centre in Balzan. The approved application includes 88 residential unit blocks, a retail outlet, a gym, 70 car spaces and 68 basement garages. The site can be found on Triq Guzeppi Frendo, corner with Wied Hal Balzan and Triq il-Kbira.
This project has been under a lot of scrutiny from eNGOs, Balzan residents and even the local council from when the application was initially filed. Company J Portelli Projects began advertising this development in March 2021, saying that residents will be allowed to move in by winter 2023. Following the approval of this site, Balzan residents, the local council, Din L-Art Helwa and FAA filed an appeal against the permit granted to the Environment and Planning Tribunal, on 18 October 2022. The appeal lists 17 objections to the development it goes into depth on each point. In the conclusions of this appeal, it said that “The entire scrutiny of the application is based upon a site which could have been anywhere within a development zone but not immediately outside a UCA or Villa area.” The appeal also points out that during board meetings, objectors were unable to present images showing how the site would not satisfy transition design solutions outside a UCA. Therefore, they are also appealing based on the grounds that this was not an impartial hearing as they were unable to present their case. The appeal described the project as “simply the product of including as many residential units as possible into this area…. It is quite clear that the site and the context simply cannot sustain such density and over-development.” Read more: www.independent.com.mt/articles/2023-03-22/local-news/Appeal-for-Joseph-Portelli-s-Balzan-mega-development-to-be-heard-tomorrow-6736250561
Inawgurata l-akbar patrol boat tal-Forzi Armati ta’ Malta Minn Glen Falzon 22 ta' Marzu 2023 Il-Forzi Armati ta’ Malta inawguraw l-ikbar bastiment fl-istorja tal-forzi tal-ordni b’investiment ta’ €53 miljun. Il-Patrol Boat P71, li tesa’ sa 60 membru tal-ekwipaġġ, hi mgħammra b’tagħmir tal-aħħar teknoloġija maħsub għat-tbaħħir biex jitħarsu l-fruntieri tal-pajjiż. Fl-inawgurazzjoni, il-Ministru għall-Intern Byron Camilleri qal li dan il-bastiment sar skont il-ħiliet u l-ħtiġijiet tal-Forzi Armati u sostna li se jkompli jżid mal-investiment li sar mill-Gvern f’dan is-settur. Il-Patrol Boat P71 hi l-ikbar investiment li qatt sar mill-Forzi Armati ta’ Malta b’€53 miljun kofinanzjati mill-Unjoni Ewropea. Fl-inawgurazzjoni ntqal li l-patrol boat hi attrezzata b’tagħmir state of the art għat-tbaħħir iżda wkoll għal ħidmiet ta’ natura differenti li jista’ jkun hemm bżonn jitwettqu fosthom operazzjonijiet delikati. Il-gverta fuq wara hi spazju kbir fejn jista’ jinżel helicopter, fosthom l-akbar mudell li qed jużaw il-Forzi Armati, waqt li jistgħu jitgħabbew sa sitt containers jew vetturi. Il-bastiment għandu sistema ta’ radar u komunikazzjoni avvanzati, kanun 25 millimetru, armerija u żewġ dinghies ta’ disa’ metri li wieħed minnhom joħroġ u jidħol dritt mill-baħar bin-nies fuqu/ Il-faċilitajiet għall-ekwipaġġ ivarjaw minn dawk ta’ akkomodazzjoni, kċina, gym, u ċentru mediku żgħir għal min iħossu ma jiflaħx bl-infermier abbord jista’ juża t-telemediċina biex ikun gwidat minn tabib fuq l-art. B’tul ta’ kważi 75 metru u wiesgħa 13-il metru, il-P71 ittella’ veloċità ta’ ‘l fuq minn 20 knot. Il-Brigadier tal-Forzi Armati, Clinton O’Neill, spjega kif dan il-bastiment se jgħin lis-suldati jħarsu s-sigurtà nazzjonali. Aqra iktar hawn: tvmnews.mt/news/inawgurata-l-akbar-patrol-boat-tal-forzi-armati-ta-malta/
Government kicks out Steward, immediately takes over hospitals Government rejects Steward’s own termination, moving in to kick them out on its own terms
21 March 2023, by Kurt Sansone
Updated at 6:20pm with Chris Fearne reaction
Government has informed Steward it will be taking over the hospitals in what is described as a ‘control step-in’. This effectively means that government has rejected Steward’s own termination of the contract and instead moved to kick them out on its own terms. In a statement out on Tuesday, government said it notified Steward it will proceed with a ‘control step-in’ to take over Gozo General, Karin Grech and St Luke’s hospitals. Government has rejected Steward’s own termination and informed them that it will be moving in “immediately” to take over the hospitals. Government said all medical and clinical services will continue unhindered and reassured all employees that their jobs will be safeguarded. Chris Fearne reacts to decision Speaking in parliament later on Tuesday, Health Minister Chris Fearne reacted to the announcement by stating government will not take the opportunity to improve the country’s health service. “We will now focus on ensuring operations and services are not disrupted,” he said. “We will also ensure jobs are safeguarded.” He said the process for the installation of a new MRI Machine at the Gozo General Hospital will kick-off immediately. “Discussions will also start with stakeholders on the plans to modernise the building of the Gozo hospital and Karen Grech,” he said. The minister also assured contractors and sub-contractors they will be retained. www.maltatoday.com.mt/news/national/121931/government_kicks_out_steward_immediately_takes_over_hospitals#.ZBopxHZBy3A Mark Camilleri publishes thousands of alleged chat messages between Rosianne Cutajar, Yorgen Fenech Tuesday, 21 March 2023, Thousands of messages that were allegedly exchanged between PL MP Rosianne Cutajar and Yorgen Fenech have been published by former Chair of the Malta Book Council Mark Camilleri. The alleged chats occurred between June and September 2019, and would show the regular contact that the MP had with Fenech at a time when he was under scrutiny for being the owner of 17 Black. In June 2019, the PL MP had criticised a reference to 17 Black and other corruption cases that had been made in a report that had been drawn up by Dutch member of parliament Pieter Omtzigt about Caruana Galizia's death and the rule of law in Malta, while she spoke during a Parliamentary Assembly session at the Council of Europe. www.independent.com.mt/articles/2023-03-21/local-news/Mark-Camilleri-publishes-thousands-of-alleged-chat-messages-between-Rosianne-Cutajar-and-Fenech-6736250551
Transport Malta chief Curmi axed from post by Minister Aaron Farrugia Brigadier Jeffrey Curmi's job as chief executive officer of Transport Malta has been terminated, MaltaToday confirms
20 March 2023, by Marianna Calleja
Brigadier Jeffrey Curmi has been axed from his post as chief executive officer of Transport Malta, MaltaToday has confirmed. The reasons behind the termination are still unknown. Curmi's appointment at the transport authority came into effect, less than a year ago, on 6 June 2022. Prior to this, he had been serving as commander of the Armed Forces of Malta since December 2013. At the time, eyebrows had been raised when Curmi was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel and colonel within the space of two weeks, ultimately landing the role of commander. Since 2013, Curmi has been a member of the European Union Military Committee in his capacity as Malta’s chief of defence. Curmi joined the AFM in 1994. He has a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics from the Open University (UK) and a Master of Science from the University of Leicester. Curmi is a graduate of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, UK, where he was awarded the best overseas student prize: The Cane of Honour, presented by HRH The Duchess of Gloucester on behalf of HM The Queen of the United Kingdom. www.maltatoday.com.mt/news/national/121914/transport_malta_chief_curmi_terminated_by_minister_farrugia_#.ZBjPXXZBy3A
Former police officer not guilty of raping colleague, judge rules The court has acquitted an ex-constable of raping his colleague after a week-long trial without jury but finds him guilty of sexually harassing a second teenage colleague • Man is given suspended sentence
20 March 2023, by Nicole Meilak Several witnesses testified during the trial of a 33-year-old ex-constable accused of sexually harassing his colleagues
Updated at 6:05pm with full judgment details A judge has acquitted a former police officer of charges that he raped a female colleague at the Msida police station but found him guilty of sexually harassing a second teenage colleague. Madame Justice Consuelo Scerri Herrera described the station as a "brothel" but said that the permissive behaviour among officers stationed there did not mean there was criminal wrongdoing. The 33-year-old defandant, who cannot be named by court order, covered his face when he heard that he was cleared of rape. However, the judge found him guilty on a separate charge that he sexually harassed another woman recruit, who was still 19 at the time. Scerri Herrera sentenced the man to one year in prison, suspended for two years for sexual harassment of the second victim. The man faced charges of illegal arrest, sexual harassment at the workplace and harassment. The judge said a detailed analysis of the first victim's account showed inconsistencies in her version of the facts. Scerri Herrera said it was "more likely" that the sex was consensual, noting that the woman had avoided the court's questions about her personal life and about kissing another police officer. The judge added that in normal circumstances rape victims would try to do everything to avoid their aggressor but the alleged victim changed her shift to be at Msida and sat in front of the accused at a meal for officers. The judge ruled that the woman's version was not credible and acquitted the accused of rape. During a week-long trial without jury, the court heard two policewomen testify on receiving unwanted compliments and sexual advances from the ex-constable. The man was alleged to have sexually harassed, repeatedly groped and later raped one female officer on more than one occasion in the kitchenette at the Msida police station where they were both stationed. He was also alleged to have sexually assaulted another in a police car in the months leading up to March 2018. At the time, the first victim was in a relationship and had a child, while the other was a 19-year-old new recruit. Over the past week several witnesses, including former colleagues of the accused and the victims, testified before Madame justice Consuelo Scerri Herrera. Read more: www.maltatoday.com.mt/news/court_and_police/121902/breaking_former_police_officer_not_guilty_of_raping_colleague_judge_rules#.ZBjOPnZBy3A
Il-karozza f’inċident fatali kienet misjuqa minn żagħżugħ ta’ 21 sena u mhux minn tfajla taħt l-età Minn Alvin Vassallo 20 ta' Marzu 2023
Karozza involuta f’inċident fatali f’Settembru li għadda ma kinitx qed tinstaq minn tfajla taħt l-età imma minn żagħżugħ ta’ 21 sena. Dan id-dettall li ħareġ mill-qorti ma jaqbilx ma stqarrija tal-Pulizija wara l-inċident tal-24 ta’ Settembru li għadda li fih kien intqal li l-karozza kienet misjuqa minn tfajla ta’ 17-il sena. Fil-Qorti, il-Pulizija qalet li aktar tard it-tfajla ammettiet li l-persuna li kienet issuq vera kien taħt xokk u b’mod spontanju qalet lill-pulizija li kienet qed issuq hi. L-Ispettur Jean Paul Attard qal li t-tfajla ħasbet li minħabba li għadha taħt l-età ma setax taffaċċja akkużi kriminali. Intant, Maxime Asacha Muehlematter, żagħżugħ ta’ 21 sena, jinsab mixli bil-qtil involontarju ta’ Ben Laferla. L-istudenti mis-Swieqi kien mixli wkoll li weġġa’ gravi tfajla oħra ta’ 20 sena miċ-Ċilì. Laferla u din it-tfajla kienu passiġġiera flimkien mat-tfajla ta’ 17-il sena meta nhar l-24 ta’ Settembru, għall-ħabta tas-1.30am, il-karozza mikrija minn GoTo, baqgħet dieħla ġo ħajt. Muehlematter jinsab mixli wkoll li għamel ħsara lill-karozza u b’sewqan perikoluż u traskurat. Jinsab akkużat ukoll li saq xurban u li kiser ir-regoli tat-triq. L-Ispettur Jean Paul Attard kien fl-għassa ta’ San Ġiljan meta daħal rapport ta’ inċident li fih indarbu diversi nies. Qal li l-erba’ passiġġieri, żewġt irġiel u żewġ nisa kienu taħt xokk u mweġġa’. Qal li Laferla li kien midrub gravi beda jingħata l-ewwel għajnuna fuq il-post. It-tfajla ta’ 17-il sena, li aktar tard identifikat ruħha bħala l-għarusa tal-akkużat, qalet lill-pulizija li kienet qed issuq hi. Dan kollu nqabad fuq il-bodycam tal-pulizija. Qal li fuq wara l-karozza sabu żewġt ifliexken tax-xorb, bit-tnejn li huma kważi vojta. Kompla jixhed li fuq il-post ma kien hemm ebda kamera li segħet tgħin lill-investigaturi. Qal li l-ġenituri tat-tfajla, li qalet li kienet issuq, ġew mitluba jċemplu l-isptar biex jitolbu biex isir il-breathalyser test. Minnu ħareġ li t-tfajla ma kinitx xorbot. Hi u l-għarus tagħha, l-akkużat, kienu weġġgħu ħafif, waqt li t-tfajla l-oħra weġġgħet gravi u Laferla kien f’qagħda kritika. tvmnews.mt/news/il-karozza-fincident-fatali-kienet-misjuqa-minn-zaghzugh-ta-21-sena-u-mhux-minn-tfajla-taht-l-eta/
Doctors, nurses shocked by Abela’s praise of Steward A country stewed: Doctors and nurses cannot understand why Prime Minister played up Steward Health Care’s achievements when promised infrastructural investment never came
19 March 2023, 7:42am by Kurt Sansone
The Gozo General Hospital Robert Abela’s praise of Steward Health Care in parliament has left health sector stakeholders shocked with one union boss calling it a “damage control exercise”. The Prime Minister used most of his hour-long speech last Thursday to list Steward’s achievements in trying to justify the millions spent by government on the hospitals concession. But Abela’s spirited defence of Steward on the same day the company announced its withdrawal from Malta raised eyebrows among nurses and doctors. “It was shocking to hear the Prime Minister list what he described as Steward’s investments and praising them for services rendered,” Malta Union of Midwives and Nurses President Paul Pace said. “What we saw was a Prime Minister engaging in a damage control exercise for the Labour Party and not a Prime Minister willing to defend the people.” Pace said the Prime Minister exaggerated the investments made by Steward, making them seem much more than what they actually were - ordinary upgrades that any clinic or hospital has to invest in over time. Justifying the unjustifiable The sentiment was shared by Medical Association of Malta President Martin Balzan, who said the Prime Minister “tried to justify the unjustifiable”. “The Prime Minister should have just said that he will abide by the court decision and if need be boast about the good investments done by government with EU funds in the Sir Anthony Mamo Oncology Hospital, the emergency wards at Mater Dei and the Paola Hub, and not about the investments Steward did not do,” Balzan said. Read more: www.maltatoday.com.mt/news/national/121868/doctors_nurses_shocked_by_abelas_praise_of_steward#.ZBeDB3ZBy3A
Was Keith Schembri covering for OPM insider who was involved in Caruana Galizia murder? – Cassola Sunday, 19 March 2023, Independent candidate Arnold Cassola on Sunday questioned why former chief of staff Keith Schembri was “trying to frame other” for the assassination of Daphne Caruana Galizia, and whether he was trying to cover for someone from the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM). Cassola mentioned how it has become apparent that Schembri already tried to frame ex-PL Minister Chris Cardona, but on Sunday referred to a story carried by the Times of Malta where suspected fuel smuggler Darren Debono accused Schembri of trying to pin the assassination on him as well. ADVERTISEMENT “The question comes up spontaneously: why was Keith Schembri trying to frame outsiders for the assassination? Was it to cover up for some insider in the OPM's office who was actually involved in the assassination?” Cassola questioned. In the months following the assassination of Daphne Caruana Galizia, media reports suggested that her death may have been related to fuel smuggling rings – of which Debono was allegedly a part of – operating in the Mediterranean. However, the 2021 public inquiry into Caruana Galizia’s murder revealed that it was the OPM which pushed the narrative that fuel smugglers might be involved in the murder, in an attempt to spread fake news or pervert investigations. It was business tycoon and Electrogas power station CEO Yorgen Fenech who was ultimately arrested and charged with masterminding the murder, an arrest which subsequently led to then-Prime Minister Joseph Muscat’s resignation. Speaking to the Times of Malta, Debono said that this attempt to frame him came “from the very top.” “This was all coming from the Office of the Prime Minister [OPM]. From Keith Schembri. From the most powerful people in Malta,” Debono told the newspaper. Three days after the murder of Caruana Galizia, Debono was arrested in Sicily for suspected fuel smuggling, and this case is still ongoing. At the time, he was not ruled out as being a suspect in the assassination. Read more: www.independent.com.mt/articles/2023-03-19/local-news/Was-Keith-Schembri-covering-for-OPM-insider-who-was-involved-in-Caruana-Galizia-murder-Cassola-6736250503
Woman, 52, in emotional plea to find who her real parents are Sabrina Zammit Sunday, 19 March 2023, A 52-year-old woman continues her bid to find who her real parents are, hoping that they are both still alive and wishing she gets the chance to meet them, at least one time. Rosanna Formosa Saliba says she is a Maltese citizen, but she doesn’t know who her parents are, or if she has any other relatives, maybe siblings. Born on 18 May 1970, Rosanna told The Malta Independent on Sunday that she was placed under the care of the Lourdes home in Ghajnsielem, Gozo, a home that later was at the heart of an abuse scandal soon after the turn of the century. Read more: www.independent.com.mt/articles/2023-03-19/local-news/Woman-52-in-emotional-plea-to-find-who-her-real-parents-are-6736250483
Gladiator sequel to be shot in Malta The Gladiator sequel will feature Paul Mescal as the protagonist, as director Sir Ridley Scott finalises talks with Denzel Washington to cast him as the antagonist
19 March 2023, by Kurt Sansone
Sir Ridley Scott’s Gladiator sequel, starring Paul Mescal and possibly Denzel Washington, will be shot in Malta later this summer, MaltaToday has learnt. Industry sources said the sets for the Roman-era epic film are currently being created at Fort Ricasoli which will once again be transformed into the Coliseum. Some 200 workers are currently engaged in set production. Gladiator 2 is expected to star Paul Mescal as the protagonist while reports have suggested that Scott was finalising talks with Hollywood star Denzel Washington to feature as Mescal’s rival. Sources said the film will be shot mostly in Malta with some studio work in the UK. This will be Scott’s fourth film in Malta, having shot White Squall in 1996, the first Gladiator movie in 1999, and Napoleon last year. Mescal will not be replacing Russel Crowe’s Maximus, whose character died in the original film, but will be playing Lucius, the son of Lucilla (Connie Nielsen). Lucius is now a grown man as the story takes place two decades after the first film ended. Paramount is behind Gladiator 2 but the original was a co-production with Universal, which will have the option to co-produce the sequel once the project is packaged. The release date for the film has been set for November 2024. Read more: www.maltatoday.com.mt/arts/film/121871/gladiator_sequel_to_be_shot_in_malta#.ZBeGSXZBy3A
It-Tieni Jum Tad-Tridu Minn Mario Muscat Quddiesa mmexxija mil-Kappillan ta Kercem Dun Brian Meylak
The Basilica of Nadur Yesterday Photo by Mario Muscat
Jitnizzlu l-linef ghal festa
Ritratt minn Mario Muscat
Jibda jintrama l-Altar tal- kor ghal festa Ritratt minn Mario Muscat
Il-villagg Tal-Hali fin-Nadur jizzejjen ghal festa Ritratt minn Mario Muscat
Nadur in pictures Dahlet Qorrot Bay Photo by Mario Muscat
L' artal tas-Sagrament fin-Nadur Ritratt minn Mario Muscat
Qala windmill and Nadur skyline under a misty sunset By Alessio Sultana
Fountain at Xandriku Street Photo by Mario Muscat
Il vara ta' San Pietru u San Pawl mahduma minn Galard f' Marseille
Il vara ta San Pietru u San Pawl tan Nadur Ghawdex ingibet min Franza fil 1882. F dan ir ritat narawa kif kienet meta waslet l Ispirtu Santu zdied xi snin wara . Dan ir ritrat grazzi lil Darren Vella
Il-lum, 12 ta’ Mejju jaħbat il-153 sena mill-konsagrazzjoni tal-knisja. Il-Konsagrazzjoni ssir billi l-artal jindilek biż-żejt u jitwaħħlu dawk is-slaleb ta’ madwar il-knisja. Il-Konsagrazzjoni tfisser li dik l-art u l-binja tal-knisja ġew mogħtijin lil Alla. Bħalissa lanqas nistgħu nersqu wisq lejn il-knisja. Nistennew il-jum li nerġgħu niltaqgħu hemm. Sadanittant il-knisja kkonsagrata hija kull wieħed u waħda minna li qed nippruvaw inkunu Knisja fid-dar tagħna.
MOMORJI SBIEH TAL-HADD 25 GUNJU, 1967 Il-Parrocca tan-Nadur giet mgħollija ghad Dinjita ta' Bazilika Ritratt kortesija ta' Mario Muscat - Nadur
MEMORIES OF THE PAST IN NADUR Courtesy of Mario Muscat - Nadur
Mill lum c-centru tan-Nadur jerga jiehu ftit hajja meta mistennija jifthu certu hwienet. Dan wara li ghall-ahhar kwazi xahrejn kienu qed jifthu biss l-bank, spizeriji u hwienet tal-ikel, stationery u ironmongeries.
Nappellaw lil kulhadd biex xorta wahda jimxi mad-direttivi kollha tal-awtoritajiet tas-sahha u nirrispettaw lil xulxin.
The stripes flag to commemorate the Parish birthday in Nadur
Nadur invokes Our Lady’s intercession Photo: Charles Spiteri
A 1689 painting depicting Our Lady breastfeeding Jesus has been placed near the main altar at St Peter and St Paul Basilica in Nadur to invoke Our Lady’s intercession against the COVID-19 pandemic. The painting, donated to the church on the occasion of the inauguration of the new parish in 1688, must have been commissioned by someone who most probably ex-perienced the 1675-1676 plague which left around 11,300 persons dead. However, Gozo, Lija and Mdina recorded no fatalities. Besides Our Lady, the painting depicts St Michael Archangel, St Roque and St Sebastian, and a lady on the bottom left-hand side, reciting the rosary. Since the Middle Ages, St Sebastian and St Roque were regarded as protectors from various epidemics, including the bubonic plague.
Old farm house in Upper Ramla
Photo by Mario Muscat
THE SHIELD OF THE CONFRATERNITY OF THE KNIGHTS OF ST. PETER & ST. PAUL Made by Chevalier Chancellor Joe Louis Meilak of the Grand Chapter of Malta. The shield will form part of the furniture in the Office of the Confraternity in Nadur, Gozo. Well done Chancellor Joe Louis Meilak. Chevalier Peter Paul Portelli Grand Master CKSPP
San Koronatu fin-Nadur
Tissebbah in-nicca ta San Koronatu Martri li tinsab gewwa l-Bazilka tan-Nadur minn Mark Falzon.
CONFRATERNITY OF THE KNIGHTS OF ST. PETER & ST. PAUL Grand Chapter of Melbourne. Today, the Confraternity of the Knights of St. Peter & St. Paul organized its Annual BBQ to raise money for charity. As always, it was a very successful event and all the patrons were very happy. Thank you to all the volunteers who came to help yesterday and today. God bless you all. Chevalier Peter Paul Portelli - Grand Master and the Supreme Council.
CONFRATERNITY OF THE KNIGHTS OF ST. PETER & ST. PAUL Our mission is to helping the poor in Peru. Medic by day, priest by night: a Gozitan missionary in the Amazon By John Paul Cordina.
Photo from left: Chevalier Joe Louis Meilak, Fr. Raymond Portelli and Chevalier Carmel Saliba presenting a donation to the mission in Peru.
What’s it like to be a doctor and a priest in one of the most remote cities on earth? Fr Raymond Portelli, a Gozitan priest who has called Peru his home for the past 26 years, recounted his experiences on 103 Malta’s Heart, on the programme Newsbook Hour presented by Fr Joe Borg. Fr Portelli is based in Iquitos, a city of around 400,000 people located in the Amazon basin. The city is the world’s largest city that cannot be reached by road: it is only accessible by river or air. Fr. Portelli is the parish priest of the St Martín de Porres parish, with a population of 18,000 people. Around a fifth of his parishioners are comfortably middle-class, but the vast majority are poor, with around a tenth living in extreme poverty. Households do have running water and electricity, but many live in simple wooden shacks on dirt roads. Due to the city’s isolation, job creation efforts are limited and unemployment is a significant problem. Many people try to eke out a living through fishing, agriculture or by selling trinkets on the streets of the city. Caring for the body and soul As the only priest in the parish – though a number of laypeople do help out – Fr Portelli seeks to look after his community’s pastoral needs. But he also identified another need: for healthcare. “I have always been interested in medicine, even before I joined the seminary,” he explains. Consequently, he obtained a dispensation from Gozo Bishop Nikol Cauchi to study medicine at Iquitos’ university part-time, and graduated as a medical doctor after nine years. He often sees patients at the parish, but notes that his parishioners clearly distinguish between his two roles. “They call me doctor by day, and father by night,” he notes. Helping out in the jungle Though he is based in the city, Fr Portelli regularly ventures outside the parish to provide religious and medical services to isolated communities along the Momón River, a small tributary of the Amazon. Travelling by speedboat to reach a series of tiny villages, with the most distant one 12 hours away, the priest encounters a completely different reality. These communities are virtually inaccessible most of the year, as a drop in water levels reduces the river to a muddy path, and are thus mostly self-reliant. People live in small huts with no doors – theft not being a concern in such an isolated place – in communities with no shops or facilities. Stocking up on medicines for the journey, Fr Portelli takes care of common ailments such as diabetes and malaria. If more serious health issues are identified, he offers to take patients to the city, but they often refuse, as they are unwilling to leave their families behind. Once all patients are treated, Fr Portelli holds a catechism session and celebrates mass, often illuminated by candlelight or kerosene lamps – electricity is unheard of so deep in the jungle. Though most are baptised Catholics, even non-Catholics attend mass out of respect. Living conditions may be harsh, but Fr Portelli also notes that there is a strong sense of community in these villages, with people helping each other out. Everyone knows everyone else, and everyone helps out whenever a new house is built. But every so often, village inhabitants try their luck in the city, effectively severing their ties with the community they grew up in. And as a result, they often feel lost among the city’s 400,000 inhabitants, struggling to fit in.
FLAG OF THE KNIGHTS OF ST. PETER & ST. PAUL
The flag of the Confraternity of the Knights of St. Peter & St. Paul created by the Grand Master Chevalier Peter Paul Portelli and put in details by Ross Sabatini.
The flag is now registered as a Trade Mark in the Australian Federal Government IP Australia. Our aim is that one day the flag will fly in St. Peter Paul Square in Nadur during the feast of Mnarja.
Nadurama Poezija ta' Peter Paul Vella
Ghana fic-Centru Kulturali Malti gewwa Melbourne, l' Awstralja
Kelinu Vella Haber (1913-2014) Imwieled fin-Nadur fl-1 ta’ Ottubru tal-1913, Kelinu, kif ħafna kienu jsibuh, kien wieħed mill-aktar Nadurin li taw sehem attiv fit-tiswir u t-tisħiħ tal-ilsien Malti matul is-seklu għoxrin. Kien edukat fisSeminarju t’Għawdex u wara filKulleġġ tal-Ġiżwiti f’Birkirkara. Għamel xi żmien novizz mas-Soċjetà Missjunarja ta’ San Pawl u kien hemm li ltaqa’ mal-poeta Karmenu Vassallo. Fost il-ħafna inizzjattivi siewja tiegħu favur il-Malti, huwa waqqaf ‘ix-Xirka għat-Tixrid tal-Ilsien Malti’, u miegħu kien hemm Anton Buttigieg, Ġużè Bonnici, Ġużè Chetcuti u Ġorġ Pisani, li nislu wkoll huwa min-Nadur. L-ewwel laqgħa saret fil-15 ta’ Jannar 1939. Fl-1940 Vella Haber waqqaf din ix-Xirka wkoll ġewwa n-Nadur u din ħadmet bis-sħiħ favur aktar edukazzjoni u tixrid tal-lingwa Maltija kif ukoll biex jinxtered il-litteriżmu. Dan għen lil ħafna żgħażagħ kif ukoll lill-isforzi favur l-emanċipazzjoni tal-mara. Ħeġġeġ ħafna żgħażagħ jibdew jiktbu u mbagħad il-kitba tagħhom kienet tinqara fuq irrediffusion. Fost iż-żgħażagħ li kienu msieħba u ffurmata fl-għaqda li waqqaf Kelinu nsibu persunaġġi bħal Guido De Marco, Charles Camilleri u Frans Ebejer. Kien ukoll membru għal xi żmien fl-Assemblea Nazzjonali tal-Gvern. Miet nhar it-28 ta’ Jannar 2014, fl-età ta’ 100 sena.1 Bħala rikonoxximent tal-ħimda tiegħu kien ingħata Ġieħ irRepubblika fl-1997 mill-President tar-Repubblika l-Eċċ. T. Dr Ugo Mifsud Bonnici.
Fost il-ħafna kitbiet tiegħu, in-Nadur kellu post prominenti. Forsi l-aktar li jispikkaw huma l-folkdrama ‘Nadurjana’ u l-poemett bl-istess isem: ‘Nadurjana’. Il-folkdrama ‘Nadurjana’ li huwa kiteb bħala rakkont f’650 vers joħroġ fil-beraħ il-karattru tan-Nadur u n-Nadurin, dejjem marbuta mal-baħar u mal-agrikultura. Dan kollu fl-isfond tal-istorja li tibda miż-żmien tal-qedem u li twaħħad fiha l-kult lejn San Pietru u San Pawl ma’ dak pagan. Dan irrakkont jimxi mbagħad maż-żmien tal-ħbit tal-furbani, tattwelid tal-parroċċa, taż-żmien li fih saru l-qniepen fl-1815, iċ-ċelebrazzjoni tal-Imnarja fil-Buskett, li inċidentalment qed tagħlaq tliet mitt sena (kien fl-1720, skont ma jikteb Giovanni Agius de Soldanis li l-Imnarja bdiet tiġi ċċelebrata b’dan il-mod fil-Buskett), għall-bini tal-knisja, it-tkabbir tagħha u l-leġġendi marbuta mar-raħal. Hawn se nagħti silta ċkejkna ħafna li anke toħroġ fil-beraħ il-kuntest li fiha nkitbet. Billi din il-folkdrama nkitbet għall-okkażjoni tal-festi triċentinarji mit-twaqqif tal-parroċċa fl-1688, u billi dak iż-żmien qamet il-kwistjoni pjuttost taħraq bejn in-Nadur u l-Qala dwar min minnhom kellu leġittimament jiċċelebra t-300 sena tiegħu, Vella Haber kiteb hekk:
‘In-Nadur kien sar parroċċa maqdes bnew in-Nadurin għax kien ġie Cocco Palmeri amar fis lil Bernardin knisja ibni mar amarlu f’dik il-wesgħa ta’ Nadur qim ġie’ fiha ’l Pietru u Pawlu sadattant aħraq il-bħur ġewwa l-Qala l-Kunċizzjoni fost il-poplu żomm l-unjoni.2
Fih ukoll dawn il-versi patrijottiċi: Jiddomina n-Nadur tagħna minn kull fejn tħares lejh kif mill-port ta’ Malta toħroġ dlonk jisraqlek dwal għajnejk!
Iktar ma qribu tersaq iktar ’il fuq jogħla u kien minħabba f’hekk li nħatar biex għall-Għawdxin ikun gardjola!
Il-widien u l-miġriet tiegħek il-għerien u l-bajjiet ismijiet ta’ nisel juru minn tal-eqdem żminijiet kif il-ġonna u l-kampanja it-triqat l-inħawi sbieħ ismijiet tal-qedem għandhom jixhdu nisel xiħ bis-sħiħ!
Għaċ-ċelebrazzjonijiet tas-sena tal-Fidi u tal-1900 sena mill-martirju ta’ San Pietru u San Pawl kienu saru festi kbar fin-Nadur, li l-Knisja Kolleġġjata tiegħu kienet għadha 2 Duminku Camilleri, 125 Sena Kkonsagrata. 125 Sena Bażilika, Vigilat 4, (Nadur 1992), 86-98.
hemm ġiet mgħollija għad-dinjità ta’ Bażilika Minuri. Waqt Akkademja mużiko-letterarja nhar il-Ħamis 27 ta’ Ġunju 1968 kienet inqrat il-peożija ta’ Vella Haber li ġġib l-istess isem ‘Nadurjana’. Dan huwa wkoll xogħol patrijottiku fuq l-istess temi ta’ dak imsemmi aktar ’il fuq:
Wiret in-Nadur fuqani l-isbaħ u l-ogħla fost kull panorama li jiflaħ joffri l-arċipelagu tagħna ... ... In-Nadur kiseb foħrija kiseb ġmiel u dija kiseb ruħ Nadurija mill-erwieħ tal-Għawdxin l-oħra.
3 Fost diversi poeżiji oħrajn li huwa kiteb dwar in-Nadur insibu għadd fil-ktieb ta’ Karm Caruana In-Nadur u t-Tempju Tiegħu Monumentali. ‘Il-Bajja ta’ San Blas’ li hija ddedikata lil Girgor Buttigieg ‘Naduri li għex u miet ta’ qaddis,’ u fiha jiddeskrivi l-bajja bħala ‘s-sebħ u l-kobor tan-Nadur,’ blistess stil romantiku ta’ poeti oħrajn ta’ qablu: ‘San Blas nitgħaxxaq bik: / Seħer il-ħajja nsibu kollu fik!’4
Imbagħad insibu wkoll diversi poeżiji oħrajn b’laqta patrijottika. Vella Haber kiteb ‘Il-Kanuni tan-Nadur’ bħala ‘tifkira tal-Professur Lazzru Pisani li Pitter ilMaqdes tan-Nadur.’ Fiha l-kanuni li xi darba kienu jisparaw fuq ‘il-misħut Nofs Qamar’ sabiex jiddefendu lir-reliġjon Nisranija, issa jinsabu sektin. Kanuni oħrajn ‘qniepen saru,’ b’referenza għall-manuvra li kien għamel il-kappillan Dun Anton Scasciato (1772-1834) fl-18151816 meta rnexxielu jakkwista kanuni bil-permess tal Gvernatur Sir Thomas Maitland (1760-1824) sabiex jagħmilhom qniepen ġodda.5 F’ ‘Żernieq il-Maqdes tanNadur’ iddedikata bħala ‘Bukkett qronfol lill-Professur F.S. Sciortino’, il-poeta jibda mill-leġġenda tal-bini talKnisja meta Girgor għabba l-ħmara bil-ġebel u fejn din waqfet, allura nbniet din il-binja u jinfexx f’ħafna tifħir:
Maqdes gwapp ħafna n-Nadur inbena Nixxiegħa sar tal-ogħla sebħ u faħar; Ġieħ dan il-maqdes jiktor, le jinfena.
6 Fuq laqta reliġjuża, fil-poeżija ‘Luminaria Magna’, ‘B’tifkira u żżih il-ħajr lill-Artista Piju Cellini’, Vella Haber jeżalta lil San Pietru u San Pawl fil-ġrajjiet ta’ Attila s-Salvaġġ. Kienu huma li ‘ħarġu għalih bil-qilla, / ħanqu lill-għadu bir-rabtiet tal-lġiem.’ Hekk ukoll ‘aħna nirbħu żgur ... il-Kruċjata Mqaddsa ...’ Dan kollu bit-tarka tal-Imnarja, voldieri tażżewġt idwal li huma San Pietru u San Pawl.7
Anke fix-xogħol tiegħu ‘Quddiem San Koronatu Martri. Fit-Tempju Monumentali tan-Nadur,’ Kelinu jinseġ għanja ta’ tifħir lil dan il-bniedem li sa minn żmien ilu n-Nadurin qisuh bħala Kon-Patrun tagħhom flimkien ma’ San Pietru u San Pawl:
L-osservazzjoni li jagħmel meta jikteb li ‘mhux ta’ b’xejn b’ismek imgħammda / ħafna wlied minn tan-Nadur!’ kienet tapplika b’mod tajjeb għall-1953 meta dehret din il-poeżija ppubblikata, iżda llum iż-żminijiet inbidlu u huma ftit jekk xejn, dawk it-tfal Nadurin li jiġu msemmija għal San Koronatu. Jolqtok ukoll kif Vella Haber jitratta mal-fatt li ma nafu xejn dwar dan il-korp, iżda hu joħroġ b’dan: ‘Aktar m’Int mostur u moħbi, / aktar fostna sirt magħruf ...’ U tassew għaliex f’dawn iż-żminijiet li fih kien qed jikteb San Koronatu kien għad għandu ħafna popolarità fin-Nadur, xi ħaġa li bħal dik tal-ismijiet, illum ixxejnet ukoll.
3 Duminku Camilleri, 200 Sena mit-Twelid ta’ l-E.T. Mons. M. Buttigieg. 100 Sena Arċipretali, Vigilat 5, (Nadur 1993), 94-95. 4 Karm Caruana, In-Nadur u t-Tempju Tiegħu Monumentali, (Nadur 1953), 23.
5 Ibid., 120 6 Ibid., 125 7 Ibid., 133. Kelinu Vella Haber jingħata ġieħ mill-Akkademja tal-Malti f'għeluq il-mitt sena tiegħu - 2013 Storja, Kultura u Attwalità36
'In-Nadur' Poezija ta' Patri Mattew Sultana
Jekk f’sidri nħoss nifs qawwi, Jekk bqajt sal-lum bil-ferħ qalbi trid tfur, Ngħid li mill-arja, mid-dehriet ta’ seħer U l-ħlewwa tan-Nadur.
Fejn il-ħolqien jitbissem Kont nilmaħ qalb dawk l-oqsma, żara’ u ħdura; Widien, għoljiet, siġar tal-frott fejn tħares; Kemm xtaqtni ma ġejtx lura!
X’jiem hienja! X’jiem ta’ seħer, F’raħal sabiħ, f’ġenna tal-art qattajt! Sirt naf in-nies, tħabbibt, ħabbejt, ħabbewni; Nies bħalhom, ftit, jekk rajt! Sal-lum bqajt nistħajjilni
Inħoss il-fewġa tonfoħ f’dawk l-ibruħ, Tmelles fuq wiċċi u fuq uċuh ir-raba’ U nħossha ‘ttini r-ruħ. U għalkemm minkejja fija
Tlaqt f’qasir żmien u ’l min sirt naf ħallejt, Ġmiel in-natura mżiegħed f’dawk l-inħawi U r-raħal qatt ma nsejt. Għax dawn in-nies dħulija ...
Maqdes San Pietru Pawl, ġmiel kull fejn tmur, Ħallewni noħlom b’dawk il-jiem mgħoddija F’dil-‘Ġenna ta’ Nadur’.
Chevalier Michael Camilleri Cauchi receives Gieh in-Nadur 23 November, 2019
Members of the Confraternity of the Knights of St. Peter & St. Paul of the Grand Chapter of Malta, during the presentation of Gieh in Nadur to Chevalier Michael Camilleri Cauchi Deputy Chancellor.
Photo from left: Chevalier Adonai Camilleri Cauchi, Dame Marlene Muscat, Chevalier Carmel Saliba, Chevalier Michael Camilleri Cauchi, Chevalier Chancellor Joseph Louis Meilak, Brother Matthias Mercieca and Dame Veronica Camilleri Cauchi.
Message from the Grand Master H.E. Chevalier Peter Paul Portelli
Photo: The Secretary Chevalier Carmel Saliba is reading the message from the Grand Master for the presentation of Gieh in Nadur to Chevalier Deputy Chancellor Michael Camilleri Cauchi.
The Grand Master His Excellency Chevalier Peter Paul Portelli and the Supreme Council of the Confraternity of the Knights of St. Peter & St. Paul is very honoured to have Chevalier Michael Camilleri Cauchi one of its own.
He has been a very dedicated and honourable member of our Confraternity. He is always ready to give advice to help our Confraternity to achieve more.
We are very happy to say that on Tuesday this week, we donated $10,000 to the Royal Women’s Hospital - Newborn Intensive Care Unit. The money was raised from a Fund Raising Lunch we had last month and some donations from individuals and sponsors.
This year we donated others sums of money to the Australian Farmers who were suffering from drought-ravaged part of the State of Victoria and to our missions in Peru.
Our Confraternity is still small but it’s making a big impact to help those in need.
We like to Congratulate Chevalier Michael Camilleri Cauchi, on receiving the honour Gieh in-Nadur 2019.
God bless you.
H.E. Chevalier Peter Paul Portelli Grand Master CKSPP
Gozo Channel ship damaged after crashing into pier - MinisterMonday, 25 November 2019, Gozo Channel is operating with only two ships after one of the ferries was damaged today due to the strong winds and rough seas, Gozo Minister Justyne Caruana told Parliament. It had already been announced that the MV Nikolaus, which was leased by the company to operate as a fourth vessel, was to undergo repair work that will last till mid-December. The company was operating with three vessels until this morning when one of the remaining three ships was damaged and needs repair work.
CONFRATERNITY OF THE KNIGHTS OF ST. PETER & ST. PAUL Melbourne. Australia. By Chevalier Peter Paul Portelli - Grand Master
On Tuesday 19 November, 2019 the Members of the Supreme Council of the Confraternity of the Knights of St. Peter & St. Paul made a generous donation of $10,000 to the Royal Women's Hospital - Newborn Intensive Care Unit.
Every year more than1,600 babies who are born sick or prematurely are cared for by the specialist NICU team at the Women's.
The money was raised from a Lunch organised by theGrand Chapter of Melbourne on the 13 of October, 2019.
The Supreme Council has agreed to donate money to the Royal Melbourne Children's Hospital at the Good Friday Appeal.
Photo from left: Chevalier Saverio Greto, Dame Gail Vas, Dame Carmela Barbaro, Chevalier Vincenzo Galtieri. H.E. Chevalier Peter Paul Portelli - Grand Master presenting the cheque to Sue Jacobs Deputy Clinical Director - Neonatal Paediatrician, Laura Bignell Chief Midwifery and Nursing Officer, Dame Angela Greto and Dame Mimma Sabatini.
HELPING THE POOR IN PERU
Yesterday Bishop Giovanni Cefai a missionary priest in Peru celebrated Mass in the Basilica of St. Peter and St. Paul in Nadur. After the Mass the Confraternity of the Knights of St. Peter and St. Paul donated money to his mission. Thanks to the Supreme Council of the Confraternity in Melbourne and the Grand Chapter of Nadur for the money. Thanks also to Mons. Jimmy Xerri Parish Priest of Nadur for his support.
This was the second time that the Confraternity donated money to missions in Peru in the last couple of months.
God bless His Excellency Bishop Giovanni Cefai for his work to help the poor and the sick.
God bless the Confraternity of the Knights of St. Peter and St. Paul. Chevalier Peter Paul Portelli Grand Master CKSPP
Dahlet Qorrot Bay from Sopu Tower in San Blas Nadur, Gozo. Malta.
Nadur Bailica Church from San Blas
Sopu Tower built in 1667 by the Knights of Malta
Sopu Tower is situated on the cliffs between St. Blas and Dahlet Qorrot bays in Nadur.
Black statue of St. Peter on the throne
I saw this statue while visiting the church of St Anselm and St Cecilia Roman Catholic church in Kingsway, Holborn, London.
Just like the one in Rome and Nadur.
CONFRATERNITY OF THE KNIGHTS OF ST. PETER & ST. PAUL Nadur. Gozo. A meeting of the Confraternity was held in the Nadur Council Board Room on Monday 24th June where two newly Knights were appointed by Chevalier Peter Paul Portelli Grand Master CKSPP of the Confraternity of the Knights of St Peter and Paul. These are Chev Joe M. Attard of Rabat Gozo and Chev Joe Meilaq. Congratulations. Photos Copyright Carmel Saliba 24.6.19.
After the meeting of the Confraternity of the Knights of St Peter and Paul we attended for the 25th Anniversary Mass of Fr Raymond Portelli at Nadur Basilica. Donations to Fr Raymond were presented to be used in his mission in Peru. Congratulations to Fr Raymond. Photos Copyright Carmel Saliba 24.6.19.